Vol.V, No.2, 2015



Abstract: PROBATION junior is pleased to announce the release of its last issue of the 5th edition. As we’ve grown accustomed, we promote and bring forward subjects for discussion researched by young professionals preoccupied with the field of criminal justice. This edition focuses on subjects like: the detention conditions for juveniles in France; the family environment of those who committed murders; the psychological vulnerability of those new imprisoned; the community attitude toward offenders; and prison language. The first and the last article have a theoretical component, while the rest of the materials include empirical research. The first two articles are written in French, while the other three, in Romanian.

Key word: editorial

Full article in English:

The detention conditions of juveniles in France


Abstract: This article deals with the main principles governing the deprivation of liberty of juveniles offenders in French prisons. In 2013 a new circular was implemented having a pragmatic approach. The framework was linked to the organization of the detention of minors. Our analysis will focus on the recall of basic principles related to the incarceration of juveniles, and it will highlight the contribution of this regulation. Its added value is based on the constant reminder of the fragility of this particular category of prisoners, and the confirmation of this content to be educational in regard to the deprivation of liberty of minors.

Key words: juvenile delinquency, prison

Full article in French:

The characteristics of the family environment of those who committed murder. Case study: The Maximum Security Prison Craiova, Romania

Simona Ionela MIHAIU

Abstract: The presented sociological study focuses on homicides and the objective is to define a series of etiological elements. The study was conducted in the Maximum Security Penitentiary of Craiova and consisted in investigating finally convicted offenders on a penalty of imprisonment for crimes of murder. There were applied 184 questionnaires and were conducted 16 case studies based on the analysis of prison records and on individual interviews. It has been identified a number of risk factors for homicides that were related to the socio-demographic profile, the living conditions, and the relationships within the family of offenders. Based on the obtained results, we can outline a prevention model aiming to intervene in families with a high risk for homicide behaviors. The advanced proposals emphasize the need to correlate the measures taken in Romania, measures to protect the life and integrity of an individual implemented in the European Area.

Key words: prison, family, homicides

Full article in French:

The identification of the psychological vulnerability scale of new prison detainees that can lead to developing anxious-depressive psychopathology

Mihai-Bogdan IOVU

Abstract: Mental health is a perfect precursor of any and all types of activities and there is an international consensus in this respect. The cognitive-behavioural paradigm explains at the basis of the emotional and behavioural problems, there are the irrational beliefs about self, world, and life. Aim: evaluation of psychological vulnerability for 30 newly incarcerated males. Material and method: in the production of the psycho-diagnosis the following instruments were used – the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS-A), and the Attitude and Beliefs Scale 2 (ABS-2). Results: one global feature may be observed on both scales – the subjects with a high risk to develop emotional disorders ranged a 60 percent on the DAS-A scale (respectively, 18 participants with attitudes predisposing to depression), and 96.7 percent on the ABS-2 scale (meaning that almost everybody had a high vulnerability for anxiety). Discussions: there are situations in which the results of the two scales are in a comorbidity relationship, thus accounting for a more complex psychological vulnerability. Conclusions: as the psychological screening was applied to a population chosen on a non-clinical premises, we conclude that the percentages uncovered were rather high and therefore, justify the need of psycho-social support programs for newly incarcerated males.

Key words: mental illness, prison

Full article in Romanian:

The community’s attitude toward offenders – key-element in the process of offenders’ reintegration

Laura-Giorgiana MURARU

Abstract: The phenomenon of crime has increased in magnitude and its forms are becoming more and more diverse, therefore a significant concern with its reduction has arisen. This raises the question whether the role of the community, its attitude towards the one who commits an offense and his reintegration into society is a major factor in lowering crime rates. This study aims to investigate society’s attitude towards offenders and their reintegration. It proposes the investigation of both psychological variables (empathy, morality), and socio-demographic variables (type of offence, gender, age, victimization experience, activity domain), and the relationship between these and the attitude towards offenders.

Key words: reintegration, community

Full article in Romanian:

Prison language


Abstract: The present article presents characteristics of the language used in prisons by offenders and staff. There is a non-verbal language, gestual, learned by these two social categories through daily imitation. Beside the non-verbal language there are two forms of verbal language – an official one and a secret one, the slang. In the prison world these three forms of language intertwined, they do not exist without each other. To understand how a total institution works it’s essential to understand language because it is vital for understanding human interactions, formal and informal norms, and the values these two social categories have.

Key words: prison, prison language

Full article in Romanian: