Vol.III, No.1, 2011

Editorial

PROBATION junior TEAM

Abstract: PROBATION junior brings into your attention a new volume, full of extremely interesting and exciting news. We hope you will enjoy! The papers are submitted by young and talented researchers who persist in inciting your interest with every subject they undertake! In this edition we also emphasize the topical phenomenon of criminal justice! Before you peruse the pages that follow, we would like to extend a heartfelt Thank You for your continued support! The first edition of Volume III discusses the following four subjects: Presentation of the UK criminal justice system by referring to a case study of a Romanian young man sentenced for stealing; a comparative analysis between the most important justice institutions of Europe: European Court of Human Rights and European Court of Justice; a foray into juvenile justice from the perspective of legislation, sanctions and assistance modalities; and lastly a discussion regarding risk and protective factors, from the perspective of social work, in the case of recidivists’ inmates who have committed robbery offence.

Key word: editorial

Full article in English:

My latest attempt to steal

Alina APOSTOL

Abstract: The case presented is an attempt to steal in a supermarket located in North-West England. It is the story of a young Romanian offender outlines the facts from the moment he and his partner begin planning the theft to the point in which he is incarcerated. He describes life in a British jail. The text emphasizes the most common offence among Romanian citizens living in this country as well as some of the typical procedures applied in this matter. The reader who had at least a single connection with Romanian prisons and judicial systems, will immediately realise that there are big differences between the two countries. Ultimately, an offence will always be seen as a crime and will be punished accordingly.

Key word: prison

Full article in English:

Justice European Mechanisms. Competency. Component. Interdependence – Comparative analysis

Raluca-Ioana ROȘU

Abstract: The paper presented is an analysis of the most important justice institutions of Europe: European Court of Human Rights and European Court of Justice. The two justice mechanisms passes through the history of making – having as beginning moments the times of ‘60s, most specifically 1959 for ECHR and 1952 for ECJ. Through the comparative analysis of experience – Strasbourg Court deals with complaints from individuals against contracting states, alleging that the states violate their rights under the European Convention on Human Rights and the Luxembourg Court is competent to deal with violations of EU law. I have given an increased attention to the organization of Justice Courts, to the competency of courtrooms, their classification and also, to the number of judges which take part from the bench judgment, to their mandates and to the form which those judges are elected.

Key words: human rights, European Union

Full article in Romanian:

Juvenile justice: legislative aspects, sanctions, and assistance proceedings

Antonia-Luiza ZAVALIC

Abstract: The answer to the problem of juvenile delinquency in Romania, in terms of legislation, sanctions and programs formulated to counter it, is an issue that should not be neglected in order to find the best solution to correct the behaviour of juvenile offenders. Regarding the law, juvenile offenders appear as a special category due to their age, highlighted through the sanctions elaborated by Romanian legislator that recommend applying educational measures in favour of punitive ones, and the incarceration to be considered as the „ultima ratio” which can be applied only in the event of serious violation of criminal law. As an alternative to imprisonment, probation is recommended to juvenile offenders who are either at their first offence, or they committed low severity crimes, in order to protect the minors against the incarceration fallouts, ensuring them mostly re-educative possibilities of social reintegration in favour of punitive ones.

Key words: juvenile delinquency, probation, reintegration

Full article in Romanian:

Risk and protective factors of re-offending inmates who are convicted for robbery

Diana Gabriela TOMOIAGĂ

Abstract: This article describes aspects related with the life course perspective of persons convicted who are incarcerated in a maximum security prison and who presents an increased risk of recidivism due to an existence of long evolution in committing crimes. This article is an accumulation of new data referring to the specific of re-offending inmates who are incarcerated for committing robbery in order to create a proper form of social intervention. The studies in the criminology field revealed evidences about the importance of research and assistance of the convicted persons who presents a high risk of recidivism. In this case of recidivist inmates convicted for robbery represent one of the most up to risk category who need professional help in order to obtain social reintegration.

Key words: inmate, prison, recidivism

Full article in Romanian:

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